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R-Values

R-Value

The term R-Value is the most popular term used to measure various insulating materials. Unfortunately, what is printed on the bag or on the material itself often gives a poor representation of how the product performs in the field. In order to better understand how insulating products work it is important to understand what R-values measure. R-value is the measurement of resistance of heat flow through a particular product. The higher the R-Value, the greater the product's resistance to heat transfer.

 

Here are a number of other terms used when describing a products energy rating:

 

Thermal Mass - Thermal mass such as logs or concrete slow the transfer of heat but do not reduce heat transfer. This is why most basements are insulated before they are finished.

 

Advertised R-Value - This is the manufacturer's stated R-Value for the product as it is tested. This R-Value is often never achieved in real world applications. Example: Many builders are moving towards framing with 2x6 material in order to gain a higher R-Value. Unfortunately R-19 batt type insulation needs a space of 6-1/2″ in order to achieve its stated R-Value. A 2x6 is only 5-1/2″ thick. When the R-19 insulation is installed it must be compressed thereby reducing its stated R-Value to 16. Likewise, doubling up on fiberglass batts will not increase their overall R-Value, in fact it lowers it significantly.

 

Thermal Breaks - Thermal breaks occur when a conductive material is placed in a wall and comes in contact with the two outer skins of the wall. An example of a thermal break is the studs in a typical frame wall. It is important to note that metal studs “conduct” cold much more effectively than wood.

 

Whole Wall R-Value - Whole wall R-Value is the measure of a wall system as it appears on the house. This would include the measure of heat loss due to window openings, electrical boxes and studs. The whole house R-Value is the best measurement for a product's performance in a home application. Example: When fiberglass batts are used in a typical stud wall, the combined R-Values of the 2xs material and the batt insulation must be used to determine the correct R-Value. Test have shown the actual whole house R-Values for 2x4 walls with R-13 batts to be R-10 and for 2x6 walls with R-19 to be R-13.8. This is hardly what one would consider to be “R-VALUE”.

 

When choosing methods to insulate your home, the products with the greatest return on investment are those products with little or no thermal breaks, that have a high resistance to heat

transfer and that can

be installed in a

manner that conforms

 to their true R rating.

Thermocore

consistently performs

to its stated R-Value

when used in home

construction, giving

you the greatest value

for your money and

the highest return on

your investment.

 

 

 

                 R-Value Range Chart

Special Note

It has become more popular to frame homes with 2x6″s rather than 2x4″s to increase R-value. The fact is that the true R-value for a wall framed with 2x6″s never reaches the intended R-value of 19. It is in fact R 13.69 a reduction in R-value of 28%. The same problems occur with 2x4 construction. The intended R-value is intended to be 13 but in fact it is truly R 9.58 a loss of 27%. This phenomena does not occur with Thermocore Panel Systems. The R-value is in fact its stated value. The question is: where is the true value in R-value? Clearly the answer is panels.

 

Data Source: Oakridge National Laboratories.

 

Aged R-Value

Aged R-Value is the long term R-Value of a given insulator. Many factors can affect the long term performance of an insulation product, including dirt, settling, moisture absorption, UV rays, and out gassing.

 

Out gassing is a process by which fumes or gas 'escape' from a product over time. All living creatures out gas as well as most manufactured products such as cabinets, carpet, paints, and fabrics.

 

Polyurethane gains its superior R-Value rating due to its unique cell structure and polyurethane's ability to create a higher density of cells. The polyurethane used to manufacture Thermocore's panels is a closed cell, class 1 rated, structural foam.

 

If the surface foam of polyurethane is exposed directly to atmospheric pressures for an extended period of time and air is allowed to permeate the foam, the outermost cells can rupture, releasing their inert gas and losing their R-Value. This process takes place over the first two years of the product and usually results in a drop of R-Value of 15%.

 

Placing a coating or facing directly onto the polyurethane skin can eliminate any reduction of R-value from out gassing. This fact has been proven in study after study. The question then remains: Is OSB board a suitable facing as to eliminate any out gassing and reduction in R-Value? The answer is a resounding YES!

 

There have been many documented studies to determine whether the skins on OSB foam core panels would eliminate out gassing. The following are a summary of some of the studies:

 

The Alchem study measured a door panel for R-Value after eight years. Result: No noted loss of R-Value

Lars-Erik Larsson studied the effects of skins on panels over a seven year period. Result: No loss of R-Value.

A further study of a home after an 11 year period found no loss of R-Value.

Thermocore has its own panels tested after a period of three years and found no measurable loss of R-Value.

The conclusion is clear. There is no measurable out gassing or loss of R-Value when polyurethane is protected by wood skins. After all, would refrigerator manufacturers, cooler manufacturers or refrigerated semi-trailer manufacturers use polyurethane as their first choice if it was going to lose all its R-Value? Have you ever seen your refrigerator out gas? Is there a warning label for out gassing? Polyurethanes are in everything from the dash board of your car, to the bottom of your shoes to the cushions on your couches and chairs. If out gassing were a problem, these products would not be available for public use. Out gassing in structural insulated panels is nothing more than a rumor by manufacturers of inferior products.

Panel Description

Thermocore® structural insulated panels are high-quality foam core panels that may be used in exterior wall and roof systems. They are a one-piece product that is designed to enclose timber frame structures, log structures and other types of conventional home. These panels provide superior support and insulation properties while reducing installation time.

 

Basic Structure

We custom-manufacture each panel to house plans or architect's drawings by injecting high-quality polyurethane between two sheets of oriented strand board. The polyurethane acts as its own adhesive, providing a strong, consistent bond across the entire panel. We design the panels to include features like preinstalled corners, door bucks, window bucks, subfacia and electrical conduit boxes to ensure the quality of construction while drastically reducing the time involved.

 

Physical Properties

Overall Thickness

  • Wall: 4″ (when combined with 1/2″ drywall, accepts standard window jambs), 4-1/2″, 6-7/16″ (+/- 1/16″)
  • Roof: 6-7/16″, 8-1/4″ (+/- 1/16″)

 

Inner/Outer Skin

7/16″ oriented strand board (a structural, exterior-rated composite board).

Insulation Core

We use a Class I fire rated closed-cell polyurethane foam that contains no formaldehyde or CFCs. Polyurethane foam is a thermoset plastic which does not melt and maintains structural integrity until consumed. It is far more fire-resistant than most conventional building materials. Polyurethane foam does not promote the growth of mold, and serves as its own vapor barrier. It's a common, proven building product that is found in most homes and on store shelves.

 

Minimum R-Value

Wall: R-24, R-28, R-40

Roof: R-40, R-50

 

Warranty

Thermocore panels carry a limited lifetime warranty covering defects in materials and workmanship. Click here for warranty details.

Detailed Specs

Thermocore structural insulated panels are high-quality foam core panels suitable for exterior wall and roof systems in residential and commercial applications. Designed to enclose timber frame structures, log structures and conventional buildings, this one-piece product is completely structural and can substitute for conventional framing in most applications. Because they are custom-manufactured, Thermocore panels allow extensive design freedom.

 

Basic Composition

Each panel is composed of a polyurethane insulation core with interior and exterior skins of oriented strand board. Panels are precisely custom-manufactured to drawings through a foam injection process in which the polyurethane bonds directly to the skins. They include preinstalled corners, door bucks, window bucks, subfacia and electrical conduit boxes. Pre-engineered header and beam pockets are molded into panels.

 

Physical Properties

 

Overall Thickness

Wall: 4″ (When combined with 1/2″ drywall, accepts standard window jambs), 4-1/2″, 6-7/16″ (+/- 1/16″)

Roof: 6-7/16″, 8-1/4″ (+/- 1/16″)

 

Inner/Outer Skin

  • 7/16″ oriented strand board. All OSB is exterior-rated and is APA/Teco-rated for structural use.

 

Insulation Core

3-1/8″, 3-9/16″, 5-9/16″ wall and 5-9/16", 7-1/4″ roof polyurethane, 2.2 lb. density, Class 1, closed-cell foam. Contains no formaldehyde or CFCs. Self-adhering polyurethane foam is injected between the skins to ensure a consistent, superior bond and structural integrity. The foam exhibits these properties:

 

  • Compressive Strength: 26 psi
  • Tensile Strength: 18 psi
  • Shear Strength/Modulus: 22/300 psi
  • Porosity: 95%
  • Does not promote the growth of mold.
  • Serves as its own vapor barrier.

 

Minimum R-Value

  • Wall: R-24, R-28, R-40
  • Roof: R-40, R-50

 

Fire Safety

  • Foam Fire Rating: Class I
  • Flame Spread: 20 (ASTM E-84)
  • Smoke Developed: 300 (ASTM E-84)
  • Structural Integrity: Polyurethane foam is a thermoset plastic which does not melt and maintains structural integrity until consumed.

 

Warranty

Thermocore panels carry a limited lifetime warranty covering defects in materials and workmanship.

Panel Home Design

For help designing a home with Thermocore structural insulated panels, contact any of these firms:

 

Architects

 

Builders

Cost Worksheet

How does the cost of building with Thermocore SIPS compare to that of other wall panels? The table to the right shows the added costs when using a panel system that is not a Thermocore system. If you would like a price comparison, we recommend you download our detailed panel cost worksheet.

 

Thermocore's 4″ Structural Insulated Panel Will Accommodate Standard 4-9/16″ Window Jambs Saving You Additional Dollars!

Thermocore cost worksheet

Limited Warranty

When you manufacture the industry's best-built structural insulated panels, you can offer the industry's best warranty. Before your SIPs arrive at your jobsite, they've already undergone rigorous testing and inspection to ensure their quality. But just in case, Thermocore SIPs come with a limited lifetime warranty covering defects in materials and workmanship. If you'd like to see the complete document, just let us know. It might be a little dusty since no one ever needs to use it. But it's there for your peace of mind.

 

For the complete warranty, contact:

Thermocore Panel Systems

1801 Hancel Parkway

Moorseville, IN 46158

Toll Free: (877) 550-8973

salesinfo@thermocore.com

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Thermocore provides structural insulated panels (SIPs) to customers throughout Canada and the United States.

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Thermocore Panel Systems

1801 Hancel Parkway

Mooresville, IN 46158

Sales: (317) 831-8888

Fax: (317) 831-8889

salesinfo@thermocore.com

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Phone: 877.550.8973